ANWAR History

ANWAR was conceived as early as 1965 in the mind of Deputy of the Desert of Maryland at that time: Aaron Williams. However, this original dream was realized in the formation of a Shrine Club under the control of Shrine Temple Jerusalem #4 of Baltimore at that time under the leadership of Past Potentate Travis Vauls, now deceased.

The Shrine Club remained in existence without serious evidence of growth or serious attempts to create a Shrine Temple in the Silver Spring/Rockville area through 1981. Early in 1982, Noble Aaron Williams and Noble William H. Tyler decided that there should be established in this area a Shrine Temple. These two dedicated Nobles canvassed the membership of the Western Maryland Consistory seeking interested Sublime Princes to serve as a nucleus upon which to build this temple.

Nobles Preston Curvey, Charles Sye, and William E. Blair immediately took on the task and recruited 28 other Princes and with the help of Noble Aaron Williams and Noble William H. Tyler petitioned the Imperial Council for permission to establish a Shrine Temple under dispensation.

Permission was granted and on August 28, 1982, a new temple was formed: ANWAR #219 U.D. boasting a membership of 28 brand new Nobles of the Ancient Egyptian Arabic Order Nobles of The Mystic Shrine Of North & South America and its Jurisdictions, Inc. After only one year under dispensation, ANWAR #219 was granted a full charter August 20, 1983, with  a membership of 52 active members.

 

Our Namesake

“Hero of War and Peace”

Muhammed Anwar al-Sadat, former President of the Republic of Egypt, is primarily recognized for his dedication to peace in the Middle East and as the first Arab leader to recognize the State of Israel.

The son of Sudanese and Egyptian parents, Sadat was born on December 25, 1918, in the town of Mit Abul Kom, 40 miles north of Cairo.  In 1938 Anwar Sadat graduated from the Royal Military Academy, which was established during British colonization of the region.  While a lieutenant in the Army, Sadat met Gamal Abdel Nasser and thereafter formed the Free Officers Movement whose aim was to remove Egypt from under British control.

In the Egyptian revolution of 1952, Egyptian monarch, King Farouk I, was overthrown by the Free Officers Movement. Gamal Abdel Nasser became the president and in 1954 appointed Anwar Sadat as the Minister of State. In 1959 Sadat was appointed Secretary to the National Union, and in 1960 was the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly. In 1969, following Nasser’s spectacular defeat in the Six-Day-War, in which Israel occupied the Sanai, Gaza and the West Bank, Nasser appointed Anwar Sadat as his vice president, a position he held until the assassination of Abdel Nasser.

Anwar Sadat succeeded Nasser as president pro tem while awaiting elections; and in 1970 he won the presidential election by more than 90 percent of the vote, becoming the third president of Egypt.

Sadat demonstrated his leadership abilities over the next eleven years of his presidency. He openly offered the Israelis a peace treaty in exchange for the return of the Sanai lands taken during the 1967 Six-Day-War. After his peace overtures were continuously rebuffed by Israel, Egypt, along with Syria and Jordan staged a surprise attack on Israel during Yum Kippur/Ramadan in October 1973.  The Egyptian army crossed the Suez and began driving the Israeli army out of the Sinai into the desert. Though short-lived, the attack created a new momentum for peace, both in Egypt and in Israel.

Convinced that peace with Israel would improve Egypt’s economy and the day-to-day lives of Egyptians, Anwar Sadat began his most renowned diplomatic strategy. In a 1977 speech to the Egyptian parliament, Sadat voiced his willingness to go anywhere to negotiate peace with Israel. He proposed to go to the Israeli Knesset (parliament) to speak for peace. Israel responded with an invitation for Sadat to speak to the Knesset. His speech initiated a new push for peace that eventually culminated in the 1978 Camp David Accords and in 1978 Sadat won the Nobel Prize for Peace.  A final peace treaty with Israel was established in 1979.

Sadat's new relationship with the United States and his peace treaty with Israel generated considerable opposition from fundamentalist Muslim groups throughout the Middle East. During the eighth annual victory parade held in Cairo to celebrate the Egyptian Army’s reclamation of the Sinai Peninsula from Israel, Anwar Sadat was assassinated by members of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad.

Muhammed Anwar al-Sadat was buried in the Unknown Soldier Memorial, located in the Nasr City district of Cairo. The inscription on his grave reads: "Hero of War and Peace"